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We provide three filtering patterns for table and cards views. Choose a pattern based on the complexity of the collection of resources.

With a text filter, users can enter text that’s used to match specific items in a collection.
A select filter helps users find specific items in a collection of resources by choosing one or two properties.
With the property filter, users can find specific items in a collection of resources by using properties, property values, typing free text, and combining these with operators.


Text filterCollection select filterTable property filter
Complexity of the resourceSimple resource (small set of properties)Simple resource (small set of properties)Complex resource (large set of properties)
User goalsFind resources that match an exact text queryFind resources with overlapping, defined valuesFind resources with multiple combinations of values
Selection of values-Single selection of a value for each propertyMultiple selection of values for each property
Operators -"And" operator"And", "Or", "Not", "And not" and "Or not" operators

Complexity of the collection of resources

The complexity of the collection of resources depends on the properties that are required to describe the resources.

User goals

Because a collection of resources can be extensive and the view is configurable, users expect the filter patterns to operate within the full collection of resources, and not just the visible resources.

If users tend to know exactly the value or term they are looking for, use the text filter.

If the common behavior of users is to filter a resource by only one or two properties, use the collection select filter. For example: by "status" or "type".

For complex products with large collection of resources, use the property filter so that users can combine multiple properties, values and operators.

Selection of values

If the resources are easy to find through filtering by a specific value for one or two properties, use the collection select filter.

The collection select filter doesn’t support selecting multiple values for a single property.

If users need to combine multiple values that correspond to one property, use the property filter. Each value can be removed individually for further filtering. For example: Status set to "Error" and Status set to "Warning".


Display operators when at least two filters are defined. The "and" operator typically is enough to narrow down most resources. By default, the operator is always set to "and" for the collection select filter, and can be modified only in the property filter.

Use a property filter if narrowing down a complex collection of resources is best done with the union, intersection, or complement of properties ("and", "or", "and not", and "or not" operators).